Sunday, 9 March 2014
Perhaps the professional clericalists that head universities and alleged Catholic cable networks which have the temerity to say "don't get me wrong, I loved Pope Benedict, but look at how they dressed him up" and then continue to affront others that actually have read him might want to view this 51 minutes by Father Calvin Goodwin, FSSP who quotes considerably from Joseph Ratzinger and says himself, "we should not underestimate the situation we are in."
Saturday, 8 March 2014
Extremely relevant commentary from Squeaker.
My question, why do so many statements of the Pope need explaining?
The Church has no business talking about "civil unions" and trying to mask it as if it were all about a "son looking after his mother" or some other arrangement and that the State has a responsibility. We are not stupid, we know what this is about. The Church sanctioning civil unions of same sex persons as a substitute to so-called "same sex marriage." The State can do what it wants with this issue but it is not for the Church to give any credence to it. The CDF under then Cardinal Ratzinger made it abundantly clear.
All protections for people in "same-sex" relationships or other "family" relationships are all there in law already. Powers of Attorney for either personal care or property, wills, real estate titles, contracts. All there, already in contract law.
This is a sham and we are in grave trouble as Catholics when high-profile clericalists start trying to square a circle and refer to such a thing as "delicate."
The last year has not been easy, the next is going to be worse. We are in for a rough ride and it is not going to get better.
The Pope declared that the papacy is an institution and that future popes could resign too. I can't wait, heck; let's have three, it has happened before, after all.
Go and read the whole piece over at SoCon. There are a few in Rome and elsewhere that need a lesson from the CDF.
“The Pope did not choose to enter into debates about the delicate matter of gay civil unions,” said the Rev. Thomas Rosica, a consultant to the Vatican press office.
Monday, 3 March 2014
Now that the Bishop of Fort Worth has weighed in (and is now being maligned), after much prayer, I feel that I should break the silence.
First off, I love the students at Fisher More College (FMC). I love them so much. It was heartbreaking for me to leave FMC. Last summer (2013) was very difficult for me. I also love the Latin Mass and write about it often on my blog and talk about it publicly (my family belongs to a FSSP parish – Mater Dei parish in Irving, Texas).
For the record, I resigned as Chancellor of the College at the beginning of June of 2013—only days after our seventh baby was born. I had no job prospects and no income. I did it for the sake of conscience. I felt it would be a danger to my soul to remain at Fisher More College.
I resigned when moral, theological, and financial discrepancies came to light regarding the presidency of Michael King. I was an ex officio member of the Board so I knew what others did not. From May to early June of 2013, five of the eight College Board Members also resigned for two reasons:
1) Mr. King refused to disassociate himself from the public statements of faculty member Dr. Dudley that claimed in his Year of Faith lecture that Catholic professors have the duty to teach young people that Vatican 2 is not a valid Council (he also endorsed other “resistance” positions regarding the Novus Ordo, John Paul II, etc.)
2) Mr. King, after selling the original FMC campus to Texas Christian University for millions of dollars, had imprudently entered into a real estate deal that financially crippled Fisher More College.
Much of the politicization around the “Latin Mass and FMC” is Mr. King’s careful attempt to distract attention away from his financial misdealing at FMC. The college is currently teetering on bankruptcy and this latest entanglement with the bishop will lead to a public statement: “Fisher More closed down because the new bishop of Fort Worth persecuted the Latin Mass!” when in reality the College is failing because Mr. King entered into a dubious real estate deal that washed out college’s endowment AND all the proceeds from the sale of the original campus.
How did a College sell its extremely valuable campus to TCU for several millions dollars in 2012 only to announce at Christmas 2013 that it might be closing without an immediate fund raising campaign through Rorate Caeli?
Rorate Caeli has just released their sensational “exclusive” report on how the new Bishop of Fort Worth is persecuting the traditional Latin Mass in the person of Michael King. They included the (private) letter of Bishop Olson to Michael King and offered their speculation.
This controversy created by Rorate Caeli with the help of Michael King’s letter is not about the Latin Mass or Summorum Pontificum.*
FMC hosted a public repudiation of Vatican 2 and the Ordinary Form of the Mass in April of 2013 that was so offensive that my wife and I walked out of it before it’s conclusion. That did not do much to heal the breach with the local diocese or presbyterate and it contributed to the priests of the Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter (FSSP) discontinuing their support and presence at FMC. The current FMC website advertises that the FSSP provides a chaplain, but this is not true.
At the same time, Michael King estranged himself from the diocese of Fort Worth by not allowing the Ordinary Form (as stipulated by the previous ordinary Bishop Vann of Fort Worth). He also contracted an irregular/suspended priest without faculties, and hired “trad resistance” faculty while there was no bishop in Fort Worth to check these developments. Mr. King was able to create a community in his image (he affectionately referred to himself the “father” of this community) during the episcopal inter-regnum of the diocese of Fort Worth.
Clearly, a bishop's intervention was inevitable. The current controversy really has nothing to do with the Latin Mass per se. The Latin Mass is at the center because Michael King is politicizing the Latin Mass in his favor, knowing that “bishops vs the Latin Mass” is red meat for some traditionalist blogs.
Bishop Olson says in the letter that he is doing this for Michael King's "soul." The bishop understands that this is a personal intervention – and not an attack on Fisher More College or its students or the Latin Mass.
It's a serious pastoral problem. Mr. King no doubt leaked Bp Olson’s letter via one of his few supporters to build sympathy before the inevitable financial collapse that will expose his mishandling of Fisher More College. Mr. King, more than anything, would like to blame the inevitable collapse of FMC (within only weeks or months) on the bishop’s “persecution of the Latin Mass.”
Hold your peace. Watch for how it unfolds, and most of all pray for the students that are still dutifully studying and praying. There are some GREAT students at Fisher More College.
As one who loves and prays the Latin Mass, please don’t curse or blame Bishop Olson for this one. He is a new bishop who inherited a TOUGH pastoral problem. Pray for him. And if you love the Latin Mass, don’t be so quick to judge the bishops or cite canon law. Sometimes there are things behind the scenes that you don’t know.
1 Cor 11:1-2 If I speak with the tongues of men, and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.
*Regarding Summorum Pontificum in this situation. It doesn’t apply here since the college chapel does not have a priest requesting to say the Latin Mass and the chapel therefore falls under the direct pastoral control of the bishop. It’s the case of a layman (Michael King) asking for it. Those accusing Bishop Olson of breaking canon law or despising Summorum Pontificum should be more careful. Moreover, be assured that Bishop Olson supports the FSSP in his diocese and has nothing against the Extraordinary Form.
It seems that there may be at least two things behind the bishop's action.
1. The College hosted Father Nicholas Gruner; of course, so did Una Voce New York so I guess they're next...
2. From this article in CFN "Fisher More recently became a fully Traditional Catholic College, wherein they pledged loyalty to the Catholic faith of all time, to the Latin Tridentine Mass, and to openly recognize the damage caused by the Second Vatican Council and its new orientation."
Reading between the lines, Father Gruner may have said Mass there without permission of the bishop. While most priests have universal faculties as priests, the situation involving Father Gruner may not be clear-cut, and this writer is certainly not qualified to comment one way or another. More concerning though is the quote in #2 above as those words "faith of all time" are words frequently used by the Society of St. Pius X.
The Fathers of Mercy were to preach a Lenten mission and their own web page indicates that they are served by the FSSP. If this is not the case then which priests are celebrating the liturgy?
The fear now must be that with the unfortunate harshness of tone of the letter, it may just push them right into the arms of the SSPX. Surely, this is not what the bishop wants.
On a whole, this seems to be badly handled by everyone, including the bishop who should have taken a more "pastoral" approach; but to ban the Mass? That was just plain wrong.
Creative Miniority Report has a post here featuring a statement from the College regarding Father Gruner's appearance as well a list of all the priests that celebrated Mass there, including many from the FSSP and even Father Samuel Weber. Clearly, there is more to this than we know and while the bishop may have had some issues, the action of banning the Extraordinary Form liturgy is a significant problem and is far from a pastoral solution.
Original story from Rorate Caeli Blog:
Friday, 28 February 2014
There are a lot of "isms" out there and the ancient heresy of Pelagianism has been talked about a lot lately in the Church. So what exactly is it?
Named after a British monk and condemned as heresy by the Council of Cathage in A.D. 431, Pelagianism views humanity as basically good and morally unaffected by the Fall of Adam and Eve; it denies the imputation of Adam's sin, original sin, total depravity and the need for the substitutionary blood atonement of Our Lord Jesus Christ. At the same time, man is fundamentally good and is in possession of free will and with regards to salvation, it teaches that man has the ability in and of himself and without divine aid to obey God and earn, on our account, eternal salvation.
Do you attend or know someone who attends the traditional Latin liturgy of the Catholic Church - the Usus Antiquior, Vetus Ordo, Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite, Tridentine Rite, Traditional Latin Mass, whatever you wish to call it -- does that paragraph above describe you or the people whom you know?
Well, Father Tom Rosica seems to think so. He has taken a rather out of context quote of Pope Francis (apparently against those who presented him with rosary counts) and he has used the expression in a sometimes angry speech, hosted on Salt + Light. He has accused people of only liking fanons and vestments and that those who attend or prefer in some way the traditional liturgy do not seek Christ. He does so in a raised voice and near angry tones when describing these people; you, me, whomever. He openly declares that these people are "divisive" aside from being Pelagians, which means that you, me, they are heretics.
Barona at Toronto Catholic Witness has transcribed the most telling parts. If you wish you can link from there to the actual video. I for one, won't be responsible for adding one hit to this less than adequate catholic apostolate.
What I wish to know is why is Father Tom Rosica so angry? What is his fear?
On any given Sunday in the Archdiocese of Toronto, no more than 700 souls, tops (and I include those at the Society of St. Pius X) attend this liturgy. In the Diocese of Hamilton, maybe 200, in the Diocese of London 150 between the Mass at Assumption in Windsor and Regina Mundi in London.
What on earth is possessing this priest, this university president that has turned Ontario's oldest Catholic university into a chaplaincy and sold off its heritage; this papal consultor on social communications -- this mocker of people calling them "Taliban Catholics" and "extremists" -- one who sues fellow Catholics and Tweets slander sheet newspapers such as Rolling Stone who whilst featuring a Pope on its cover, denigrates another inside to say nothing about distorting the words of the one on the cover; and he Tweets it, promotes it on his own feed as if we should be rejoicing over it.
What is the problem? Why the reason for such hatred, yes; hatred and disdain over those few who seek after the liturgical "crumbs from the Master's table".
Really? 700 in Toronto and including the FSSP in Ottawa and the odd mass in Kingston and Sudbury maybe 1000, give or take -- and maybe double that for across Canada; these few are Pelagians? These few are divisive?
This so-called "division" is not created by these few people. No, it is a lie! This division is created by those who call these people names and have the temerity to equate them with heretics and question their spirituality, their devotion; they take their own personal issues out on the form of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass which was codified in its present form by St. Pius V for the western Church but had been celebrated in that manner in Rome for over one thousand years before that.
I am not saved by my works. I am saved by the all redeeming blood of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ on the Cross at Calvary made present at Mass in either Form (when in accord with the rubrics, matter, form and intent of the Church) and the Father's mercy through the grace of the Holy Spirit and may I die in a state of grace so that I may be granted a stay in purgatory if I am not fit for heaven and that I excape Hell. Does this sound as if I am a Pelagian? Are you?
Let me say this; most people whom I know that attend the forma extraordinaria also attend the forma ordinaria; I certainly do and I chant in both, every weekend! So, let's get this division nonsense put to rest.
Who is this priest to say that what I believe or what you believe because you prefer or your friend prefers to worship God exclusively in the traditional liturgy is a Pelagian -- a heretic?
The interview is full of half-truths and distortions and detraction and it is unbecoming of a Catholic priest and one with papal mandate. It's time to call it out for what it is and from whence it comes.
Really now; who is being divisive?
It is hatred, pure and simple and the question needs to be asked, why?
Salt + Light has removed the video.
The transcript, courtesy of Barona at Toronto Catholic Witness follow quoting Father Tom Roscia verbatim:
Wednesday, 26 February 2014
Watch it friends, be very careful and pay close attention. Casper it not such a friendly ghost. The "Council of the Media" which our beloved Benedict warned us about is back. As one who was divorced and waited upon the Church for her decision regarding an annulment I deeply resent these German bishops and the rest of this stinking liberals who wish to debase the truth of the Faith!
No, I say! This is not acceptable! There will be no change in doctrine because there cannot be a change in doctrine. Anyone who thinks that there can be and those who speculate and promote it are deceiving you.
I repeat, the Pope will not change the doctrine on divorce and remarriage, contraception, same-sex so-called marriage, sodomy, or the reception of Holy Communion by divorced and remarried Catholics. Pastoral matters on how to treat and counsel these people are another matter, but the Pope will not change doctrine!
Read it the rest of the manipulation here.
The Two Synods, Real and of the Media
by Sandro Magister
ROME, February 26, 2014 – In the first consistory of his pontificate, Jorge Mario Bergoglio has not been tender with the caste of the cardinals.
At the opening of the assembly, he charged them with "rivalry, envy, factions." And in the closing homily, with "intrigues, gossip, cliques, favoritism, preferential treatment."
And yet it is to this hardly esteemed college of cardinals that Francis has entrusted the first important high-level discussion on the topic of the upcoming synod of bishops, the family, at a time like the present - the pope said - in which it "is despised, is mistreated."
Monday, 24 February 2014
This update continues what was previously posted here, that this woman and her machine is a complete fraud and the empire is collapsing around her. The quote of the day comes from our friends at Creative Minority Report, "The Divine justice waiting for those willingly perpetrate fraud on believers makes me shudder."
Sunday, 23 February 2014
Our brothers and sisters in the Society of St. Pius X have an irregular communion and are in a virtual state of schism and our Orthodox brethren continue on in their national, but schismatic churches. In spite of this, we have more off-the-cuff and heartfelt commentary directed to an assembly of Pentecostal preachers.
I must admit, I am virtually speechless after viewing the video below, you've probably seen it as it is beginning to make the rounds. I really don't know what to think. We have our Holy Father, or perhaps better the Bishop of Rome, reaching out to Christian pastors who have taken ten, no hundreds even millions of Catholics away from the Church. They preach a false history about the Church, they reject the Eucharist, the Mass, Our Blessed Mother the Saints. Yet, many of them live upstanding moral lives and often better than most Catholics.
We long for what Our Blessed Lord said, "that they may all be one" and we can honestly admit that a video message such as this may open a door in some hearts. Let's face it, if "Sir" reminded them of the Eucharist, the Mass and that there is no salvation outside the Church--the Catholic Church, this post would not be even written because the video would never have been broadcast. Truly, you have to meet people where they are.
What I find most frustrating, goes back to the first paragraph above, what about our friends and neighbours in the Society of St. Pius X, at least them! I mean, if it is a "schism" is it not the most recent? Should our overtures not be at least first to them? Should every effort not be made to restore unity with the Orthodox? Do they not already share our faith and doctrine?
No doubt, Pope Francis has the world talking and maybe it disturbs some of us; maybe it disturbs me. But why? Why am I disturbed? Is it because there is so much mistrust with the machinations and upheaval that we have dealt with for the last half century? Is it because we are overloaded with just one more sermonette that we start to tune them out? Is it because those that take notice lie and distort from TIME Magazine to Rolling Stone? Look the Grand Lodge of Italy and that of Argentine are still applauding the election of Pope Francis and the accolades still sit on their web pages. Do we have reason to be concerned about any of this?
We are attacked in our culture by homosexualists and abortion activists and radical secularists. Millions in France protest the lie government's destruction there of the family and marriage and Rome is silent! Yet, we are told not to obsess over these issues, that we are pelagians and we follow fads.
Be careful friends, be very careful about those who advocate the coming wave or unity. On the other hand, let the lesson here be that of Gamaliel; we cannot set ourselves against God the Holy Spirit. So, we pray and hold fast to our faith and tradition, our prayers, the Mass Eucharist, confession and the rosary and we leave it up to Him; because this is just a little above my pay grade.
Monday, 17 February 2014
Tuesday, 11 February 2014
A few months ago, I launched a fundraising campaign here for a young man from the rural north of the Archdiocese of Toronto studying for the priesthood in Italy. Abbe Joseph H., is at the Institute of Christ the King in Griciliano, Italy and comes from a wonderful home-schooled family.
Please let me take this opportunity on his behalf to say "thank you and God bless you."
Your generosity has been greatly appreciated. You sent cheques directly to the Toronto Traditional Mass Society on his behalf and donated through CanadaHelps. The goal was met and even yesterday, more funds came in.
Abbe Joseph's needs have been met for this year and he has a nest egg to begin next year.
Please know that on a daily basis, he offers Mass and prayers for all of his benefactors.
May God bless you.
Sunday, 9 February 2014
This seems to have passed under the radar.
Comedian and actor Bob Newhart was invited to speak at the Legatus Summit which just concluded in Florida. The Catholic accountant turned comic actor backed out in December, after GLAAD, labelled Legatus as radidly anti-Gay.
Yes folks, this is how it starts. You sell your soul for your career and you bow down to Moloch and the god of sodomy and become nothing more than a coward.
He was never very funny anyway but I hear our own Michael Coren was a great hit.
Wake up friends and stand up to these fascists.
And now, what do the Saints say?
Saint Basil of Caesarea, the fourth century Church Father who wrote the principal rule of the monks of the East, establishes this: “The cleric or monk who molests youths or boys or is caught kissing or committing some turpitude, let him be whipped in public, deprived of his crown [tonsure] and, after having his head shaved, let his face be covered with spittle; and [let him be] bound in iron chains, condemned to six months in prison, reduced to eating rye bread once a day in the evening three times per week. After these six months living in a separate cell under the custody of a wise elder with great spiritual experience, let him be subjected to prayers, vigils and manual work, always under the guard of two spiritual brothers, without being allowed to have any relationship… with young people.” (St. Basil of Caesarea, in St. Peter Damien, Liber Gomorrhianus, cols. 174f.)
Saint Augustine is categorical in the combat against sodomy and similar vices. The great Bishop of Hippo writes: “Sins against nature, therefore, like the sin of Sodom, are abominable and deserve punishment whenever and wherever they are committed." (Rom. 1:26). (St. Augustine,Confessions, Book III, chap. 8)
Saint John Chrysostom writes: “All passions are dishonorable, for the soul is even more prejudiced and degraded by sin than is the body by disease; but the worst of all passions is lust between men… There is nothing, absolutely nothing more mad or damaging than this perversity.” (St. John Chrysostom, In Epistulam ad Romanos IV)
Saint Peter Damian’s Liber Gomorrhianus [Book of Gomorrah], addressed to Pope Leo IX, is considered the principal work against homosexuality. It reads: “Just as Saint Basil establishes that those who incur sins [against nature] … should be subjected not only to a hard penance but a public one, and Pope Siricius prohibits penitents from entering clerical orders, one can clearly deduce that he who corrupts himself with a man through the ignominious squalor of a filthy union does not deserve to exercise ecclesiastical functions, since those who were formerly given to vices … become unfit to administer the Sacraments.” (St. Peter Damian, Liber Gomorrhianus, cols. 174f)
Saint Thomas Aquinas, writing about sins against nature, explains: “However, they are called passions of ignominy because they are not worthy of being named, according to that passage in Ephesians (5:12): ‘For the things that are done by them in secret, it is a shame even to speak of.’ For if the sins of the flesh are commonly censurable because they lead man to that which is bestial in him, much more so is the sin against nature, by which man debases himself lower than even his animal nature.” (St. Thomas Aquinas, Super Epistulas Sancti Pauli Ad Romanum I, 26, pp. 27f)
Saint Bernardine of Siena, a preacher of the fifteenth century, writes: “No sin has greater power over the soul than the one of cursed sodomy, which was always detested by all those who lived according to God….. Such passion for undue forms borders on madness. This vice disturbs the intellect, breaks an elevated and generous state of soul, drags great thoughts to petty ones, makes [men] pusillanimous and irascible, obstinate and hardened, servilely soft and incapable of anything. Furthermore, the will, being agitated by the insatiable drive for pleasure, no longer follows reason, but furor.” (St. Bernardine of Siena, Predica XXXIX, in Le prediche volgari (Milan: Rizzoli, 1936), pp. 869ff.)
Sunday, 2 February 2014
Reminiscent of the false flag of H1N1 when many bishops in Canada had the temerity to bow to public health officials and alter liturgical norms and practises. Archbishop Richard Smith of Edmonton has banned Holy Communion on the tongue -- a norm, a law in fact, over which he has no power to affect.
In a January 6 letter to priests, due to the apparent "escalation in influenza" various "temporary" measures were enacted in addition to the banning of the Body of Christ on the tongue including the elimination of the distribution of the Precious Blood, emptying of Holy Water fonts and the practice of shaking hands at the Peace.
The reception of Holy Communion at Mass by the people is not mandatory, only the priest celebrant is required to complete the Sacrifice. If the influenza was so serious, then all should have refrained on order of the Archbishop and made a Spiritual Communion which would have come under his authority. The banning of distribution of Holy Communion on the tongue is not within the Archbishop's purview. The Law of the Church provides that it is the norm and it is communion in the hand that is the indult, the exception.
During H1N1, Bishop Fred Henry of Calgary also bowed to secular authorities and went so far as to suspend the Holy Mass by the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter after they asked the people to make a "Spiritual Communion" so that the priests would not be forced to violate Church Law, disobey the bishop or their consciences. The actions of Bishop Henry came to an abrupt halt after intervention from the Vatican. In a response to a letter to Bishop Henry by this writer, he responded by twisting the words of Pope Benedict XVI's letter accompanying Summorum Pontificum to elevate his authority over the Vetus Ordo beyond what the letter or motu proprio actually stated.
This matter was clearly dealt with previously.
In Toronto, Holy Communion was also banned on the tongue during the H1N1 scam, though the FSSP which was here at the time did not follow it and three months later, they departed Toronto. In Ottawa and Vancouver for example, no ban on the reception of Holy Communion on the tongue was demanded in the either Form of the Roman Rite.
What is most shocking to this writer, beyond the arrogance of the Archbishop of Edmonton to flaunt the Law of the Church, is that after nearly a month, this word has finally become known. Are the Catholics of Edmonton that careless about what their role is when bishops act in error and restrict their rights or are there just so few that receive the Lord in the traditional manner? Do any of them even know their rights or do they even care?
There has never been a study with any hard data that the distribution of Holy Communion on the tongue, properly administered, leads to any proliferation of influenza. Not even during the Spanish Flu epidemic a century ago, when all received on the tongue, was such a measure taken.
Ironically, as reported in the Catholic Register, whilst President of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, Archbishop Smith, urged Canadian Catholics to "stand up for their religious rights" and he worried about the "erosion" of religious rights.
Except perhaps when the erosion is from within.
From a historical point-of-view, may I refer you to this letter from 98 year old Msgr. Vincent Foy who will soon celebrate his 75th anniversary of ordination to the priesthood.
Well, Edmonton Catholics, what do you say?
- Discontinue the reception of the Precious Blood as part of any public celebration of the Eucharist.
- Limit the reception of the Body of Christ to the hands only.
- Suspend the practice of shaking hands during the Sign of Peace. This can be replaced by a bow or an intentional nod of the head toward those around you.
- Empty all holy water fonts.
- Be mindful of the importance of basic health measures. For example, thorough hand washing is an effective means of preventing the transmission of infectious material (nasal secretions, saliva, etc.) from soiled hands. Make alcohol-based hand sanitizing solution or tissues available in the church entrance.
- Encourage all parishioners to remain home at the first sign of illness, especially a cough or fever, out of respect for their brothers and sisters. Those who stay home can view a televised Mass onSalt+Light Television, on EWTN Television, or online at www.canadiandailymass.com. They can also make a Spiritual Communion; instructions for this are posted on our Divine Worship page.
- Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion should sanitize their hands immediately before receiving Communion themselves and avoid touching their face or other surfaces such as handrails before distributing Communion. Rub hand sanitizer over the hands until completely dry. (The sanitizer must evaporate or stay on the skin for 10 seconds to achieve any antibacterial/antiviral effect.)
- Pastoral care team members who bring the Blessed Sacrament to shut-ins should not attend any homes where influenza is known or suspected to be present.
- All pastoral care visitors to hospitals and nursing homes, whether clergy or lay volunteers, must observe all posted infection control procedures at these institutions (e.g. hand sanitizing, gowning, masking.)
Archbishop Smith also asks that we pray for the comfort and healing of all those afflicted by the illness, those who have died, and for those who are caring for the sick.
Friday, 31 January 2014
Thursday, 30 January 2014